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11 Common Health Questions Answered. What Is Keto, HIIT, Free Range?

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6/20/18 by Marc Pepin

What is the Keto Diet? (ketogenic diet) - A low carb, moderate protein, high fat diet which puts the body into a metabolic state known as ketosis. When the body is in a state of ketosis, the liver produced ketones which become the main energy source for the body.

What is a superset? - A form of resistance training where you perform an exercise and then immediately perform a different exercise with little to no rest in between.

What is HIIT? (high-intensity interval training) - A training technique in which you give one hundred percent effort through quick, intense bursts of exercise, followed by short recovery periods.

What are antioxidants? - Compounds that act as our body’s best defense against disease-causing free radicals, unstable molecules that can harm cell structure. The vitamins A (in the form of beta-carotene), vitamin C, vitamin E, and the mineral selenium function as antioxidants. Antioxidants protects cells from oxidation that can cause aging and cancer.

What is High fructose corn syrup (HFCS)? – Corn syrup that undergoes processing to convert glucose to fructose. HFCS is ‘high’ in fructose compared to the pure glucose that is in corn syrup.

What’s the difference between whole grains and refined grains? - Each whole grain kernel is made up multiple layers surrounding the germ, endosperm, bran, and husk. When a grain is refined, giving it a longer shelf life and finer texture, like it is for white flour, the husk and outer layers of the grain are removed. These outer layers are the protective layers rich in nutrients, particularly B vitamins, iron, and fiber.

What’s the difference between cage-free, free-range, and pasture-raised eggs? - Cage-free chickens are not held in cages, but are usually enclosed in a barn with no access to the outdoors. Free-range chickens are raised in a barn that has a door allowing the chickens to go out, but they may never even use it. Pasture-raised is when chickens are given ample space to roam outdoors, but also have access to a barn.

What is a GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms) food? - The ingredients used in GMO foods are from organisms that have had their genetic material manipulated or altered in a lab.

What are Omega-3s fatty acids? - A class of polyunsaturated fatty acids, meaning they are liquid at room temperature. There are 11 forms of omega-3 fatty acids; however, only three are essential for humans: ALA, DHA, and EPA. Omega 3 fatty acids have been shown to aid in reducing inflammation, triglyceride levels, arthritis and asthma symptoms, and the risk of Alzheimer's and dementia. Omega 3s are often found in fish, walnuts, and flaxseed.

What is Gluten? - Storage proteins glutenin and gliadin found in certain cereal grains such as wheat, rye, spelt, and barley. These proteins help food maintain their shape and elasticity. Individuals with celiac disease and gluten sensitivities should avoid gluten.

What is Target Heart Rate? - A percentage range, typically 60 to 85%, of your maximum heart rate (MHR) where you gain the most cardiovascular benefits while limiting risks. MHR is calculated by subtracting your age by 220.

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